Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto

You are welcome to the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine !

Message From the Dean

History of the programme/Sub-Discipline/Discipline

The Faculty (Faculty of Veterinary Sciences) was established in 1984-85 academic session to offer an inter-related degree in Veterinary Medicine and Animal Production. Initially there were ten Departments, which formed the basis of the NUC minimum standards for Veterinary Medicine with regard to the number of Departments. However, in 1991 the University reduced the number to six, and the name changed to Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. The faculty is sited at the City Campus of the University and occupies about two- third of  the buildings on it. The student intake through Direct Entry, JAMB (UME) and matriculation has been consistent from the beginning to now, averaging 50 per session.

The first two sets of students should have graduated in Sokoto but for the fact that the Veterinary Council did not grant accreditation due to lack of lecturers, books and equipment. Instead, they were absorbed by faculty of Veterinary Medicine of the Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. In 1994 the Council granted the Faculty full accreditation since then the faculty has been graduating students.

There are at present about 233 students in the faculty. The Veterinary Teaching Hospital, which uses all the Veterinarians in the faculty as its consultants, was established in 1991. It occupies the Faculty’s offices and clinics and utilizes the staff of the later.


Curriculum Philosophy

The Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) of the Usmanu Danfodiyo University was designed to produce veterinarians who will be competent in the provision of veterinary clinical services, have vast experience in livestock production, animal health management, preventive health care and a sound livestock policy issue leading to sustainable livestock development programme, care of wild life, fisheries and some endangered species. The curriculum also includes Hi-tech Information Management System and Entrepreneurship.

Objectives of the Programme

  • The curriculum aims at producing Veterinarians who, while competent in   conventional veterinary practices, will have vast experience and capabilities in livestock production, particularly Dairy Science, Meat Science, Leather Technology, Pasture and General Livestock Management
  • To attain and maintain qualitative learning through high level training in professional (DVM) and postgraduate programmes
  • To  provide and effectively address the needs of society in veterinary services.  
  • To train high caliber veterinary surgeons who can enhance the quality of human life through the provision of effective veterinary services in both public  and private sectors of the economy.  
  • To intensify research into animal diseases, prevention and control.


Structure of the Faculty

The Faculty started as a single Department at the Temporary site of the University (now called City Campus) which later developed into ten (10) Departments. In October, 1990 following the instruction of the authorities of the University, the ten Departments were restructured into six(6) as listed below:

  1. Department of Anatomy

  2. Department of Physiology, Pharmacology and Biochemistry

  3. Department of Parasitology and Entomology

  4. Department of Pathology and Microbiology

  5. Department of Public Health and Animal Production

  6. Department of Medicine, Surgery and Theriogenology

Presently, the Faculty occupies about 2/3 of the structure at the City Campus. With more arms of the University moving to the main Campus, the Faculty hopes that in no distant time, it will take over the entire City Campus.

Training Facilities

The Medical/Veterinary Library

The Faculty shares the same library with the College of Health Sciences. It stocks approximately over 500 volumes specifically for the needs of the Veterinary Faculty. The Reference Section has adequately covered all areas of Veterinary Sciences. There are several international journals being subscribed to regularly (Veterinary Records, American Journal of Veterinary Research, British Veterinary Journal, Tropical Animal Health and Production, Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association, Surveillance, etc.) in addition to the local ones such as Nigeria Veterinary Journal, Zariya Veterinarian, Tropical Veterinarian, Sokoto Journal of Veterinary Sciences, and a host of others. The Library is also on the mailing list of a good number of Journals and Periodicals.

The Faculty also has a small collection of books in her Library made up of books mainly donated to the Faculty by individuals. The books are available to staff and students on request to the Faculty officer. Of significance is the fact that the Faculty has internet connectivity through a V-SAT provided by the University authority.

The Veterinary Teaching Hospital

In order to give the students the much - needed clinical exposure, the University has established the Veterinary Teaching Hospital located in the City Campus as an independent but integral part of the Faculty. The Hospital is made up of the Large and Small Animal Clinics as well as an Avian Clinic, Consulting Room, Record Room, a Pharmacy, Small and Large Animal Surgery and Radiology Unit. The services of these clinics are carried out in conjuction with the Deaprtments of Parasitology, Entomology, Pathology and Microbiology respectively.

There is also a working agreement with Sokoto State Veterinary Division where patients presented to the Stae-owned Veterinary Clinic are utilized for the teaching of students from time to time. Besides, it renders ambulatory services to Fulani Herdsmen, Institutional farms, and livestock farmers. Similarly, the Public Health Clinicians visit the Abbatoir daily to perform meat inspection to ensure that animals slaughtered are fit fr human consumption. The Veterinary Teaching Hospital has also mounted programmes for the training of Animal Health Superintendents.

The Dabagi Farm

The Dabagi Farm, which serves as a Field Station, is located some 40km away from Sokoto Town. It houses the teaching and Research animals (Cattle, Sheep and Goats) of the Faculty. The Farm plays a very significant role in the teaching of students of the Faculty in Animal Handling and Restraint, Medicine, Epidemology etc. It also provides animals for surgery-wet lab and Gross Anatomy Practicals (Dissections). The Faculty also utilizes the Sidi Mamman Farms (Private Farm) in Sokoto metropolis for teaching of Herd Health, Dairy Technology and Fish Farming. Laboratory animals are kept and maintained by the Department of Physiology and Pharmacology in the laboratory animal house located within the Campus.

Future Development Programmes

The Faculty hopes to begin the training and award of Bachelor of Science degrees in the Pre-Clinical Courses (Veterinary Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Parasitology, Microbiology and Pharmacology) as soon as high level manpower and facilities are expanded. Garduate of DVM may also be considered for intercalated degree programme in Basic Sciences based on approved regulations so as to give those interested in academic and research institutions a very sound base.

The expansion of the facilities in the Veterinary Teaching Hospital preparation for the take-off of the specialist (Residency) training in various aspects of the veterinary Medicine as proposed by the College of Veterinary Surgeons of Nigeria (CVSN) is being given adequate considration.


Admission Req.

There are three modes of admission into the Faculty. These are through the Usmanu Danfodiyo University Matriculation programme, the University Matriculation Examination (UME) organised by the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) for the 6-year degree programme and the direct admission into the 5-year degree programme through IJMB
- Joint Matriculation Examination Entry Mode:

In addition to an acceptable pass in UME, a candidate must have;

  • Senior Secondary School Certificate with credit passes in English language, Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics; or
  • A minimum of 5 passes at credit level in the WASC/G.C.E. or its equivalent in the following subjects viz English Language, Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics.

- University Matriculation (Remedial programme)

- Direct Entry Mode:

  • Advanced Level passes in Biology or Zoology, Botany and Chemistry with credit passes in English Language, Mathematics and Physics at WASC/GCE or its equivalent. Or
  • A credit/merit pass at the Higher National Diploma (HND) in Animal Health and husbandry. Or
  • A distinction pass at the OND (Animal Health and Husbandry) provided the candidate meets the minimum University entry requirements.

Candidates who are admitted by direct entry through ‘A’ Level, HND merit/credit pass will enter at 200 level, while those admitted with distinction at OND will enter at 100 level.

  • Programme/Sub-discipline/Discipline Structure to include period of formal studies in the Universities, Industrial training, planned visit and projects.
  • Course content specifications/syllabus of all courses in the Programme/Sub-discipline/Discipline

Duration of the Programme

For Direct Entry students, the Duration of the DVM Programme is five (5) years; but for students who gained admission thriugh UME and UDU Sokoto Matriculation Programme, the Duration is Six (6) years spanning from UG I (Pre-Vet), UG II(DVM I), UG III(DVM II), UG IV(DVM III), UG V(DVM IV), UG VI(DVM V).

Basic Sciences :

These are courses taken in th first year. Some are taught in the Fcaulty of Science. They include Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics courses. History of Veterinary Medicine is however taught in the Faculty.

Pre-Clinical and Para-Clinical

These are courses offered in the Faculty and are taken from DVM I through DVM III. These include Animal Hygiene, Animal Breeds, Handling and Restraint, Biochemistry, Anatomy, Physiology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Pathology, Parasitology, Animal Production, Products and By-products, Pasture and Rangeland Management, Bio-statistics, Introductory Medicine, Toxicology and Economics of Livestock Production, Management and Marketing.


These are courses taken in DVM IV and V. These include Medicine, Surgery, Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine Theriogenology, Radiology, Computer Studies, Public Health Avian Diseases and Pathology, Diseases of Wildlife and Fishes, Extension and Rural Sociology, Veterinary Jusrispudence, Livestock Investment and Project Evaluation and Business Methods.



Research Activities in the Faculty

Althogh the Faculty is still growing, it has nonetheless shown great interest in research activities and has made a modest contribution to research activities in the country. The current research focus of the Faculty is on the following areas:

- Alternative Sources of Feed
- Ethno-Veterinary practice and Pharmacological Evaluation of Local Herbs
- Re-Emerging Zoonoses
- Parasites of Livestock and companion animals in Sokoto State
- PPR and New Castle Diseases 
- Contagious Bovine Pleuro-pneumonia
- Anatomy and reproduction of the Camelids .

In a bid to promote information dissemination amongst scientists, researchers and farmers, the Faculty established the Vet Com Centre within the premises. The Centre provides facilities for Desktop publishing, binding, photocopying, typesetting, sale of veterinary consumables, and Vet Com Bus Service to and from the Main Campus. Proceeds from these investment are used to keep the Faculty Journal "The Sokot Journal of Veterinary Sciences" afloat.

Dept. Info.

Regulations Relating to DVM Examinations

Time, Number and Direction of Examination

Each course shall be examined in the semester during which time the course is completed. Any deferment shall be by the approval of the Senate upon the recommendation of the Faculty Board of Veterinary Medicine. The Final examination shall usually count for at least 40% of the total grade in that course. All continuous assessment shall normally count for not less than 40% and not more than 60% of the grade in that.

Format of Examination

The Examination in a course shall consist of the following parts:

  • One theory paper, which may include; Objective, Short Answer and / or Essay type.
  • One Practical Examination, where applicable.
  • One Oral Examination, where applicable

Grading for DVM Examination

A Degree in Veterinary is not classified. A successful candidate is said to have passed. For all DVM professional examinations, grade shall be awarded in various courses as follows;

% Score
70 and Above
60 - 69
50 - 59
Below 50

These grades will not only be applicable to candidates who have passed the examinations at first attempt. Candidates who pass re-sit examinations shall be awarded a letter - C grade no matter the percentage score.

UG I is considered Pre-Veterinary class and the regulations applying to the grading of the UG I examinations shall be the same as in other Faculties, i.e the minimum pass mark of 40%.

Referral in DVM Examinations

  • Courses being taken in the Faculty of Science by students in the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine should henceforth be averaged;

  • 50% shall be pass mark in the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine;

  • Where a student scores less than 50% in a course, he/she shall be deemed to have failed such a course for which there is provisio for resit examination;

  • Candidates who do not perform satisfactorily in five (5) courses in each academic session, that is score less than 50% in the examinations shall be required to re-sit these courses;

  • If the affected student passes the re-sit examination, he/she shall proceed to the next level;

  • If the affected student fails the re-sit examination, he/she shall repeat the whole year.



  • Where an affected student fails the repeat year, he/she shall be withdrawn from the Faculty. (Any repeating student who fails a re-sit examination shall be withdrawn from the Faculty).

  • Candidates who at first attempt fail in seven (7) courses or more shall be required to withdraw from the Faculty.

  • Regulation (ii) above notwithstanding, Clinical students (500 and 600 levels) who fail in seven or more courses at the first attempts will be allowed to repeat the year so long as they do not exceed the (8) year duration for completing the DVM Programme. Failure in any of the course at the end of the eight years will lead to withdrawal from the Faculty.

Referral in Basic Sciences and General Studies Courses

  • Students who fails to pass Basic Sciences Courses shall be allowed to carry them over to 400 level (DVM III) provided they are not up to the number of courses that could earn them a repeat or withdrawal.

  • However, if the candidate fails to secure a minimum pass in any of these carry over courses at the 400 level, he/she not proceed to 500 level (DVM IV) until such a time when the course(s) is (are) passed.

  • The regulations for Basic Sciences courses shall apply to the General Studies courses.

  • The regulation on not proceeding to 500 level because of failure in the Basic Sciences or General Studies are without prejudice to the time limit fro graduation.

Time Limit for Graduation

To qualify for an Honours Degree, a student registered in Veterinary Medicine shall complete his/her programme in not more than EIGHT years.

*** check the Students' Handbook for General Regulations Governing the conduct of Examinations in the University.




Names of Head of Departments



Head of Department


Veterinary Anatomy



Veterinary Physiology & Pharmacology

Dr. K.I. Onifade BSc., MSc. PhD (U.I)


Veterinary Parasitology & Entomology

Dr. A. A. Mohammed DVM (ABU), PhD (ABU).


Veterinary Pathology & Microbiology

Dr. M.B. Abubakar DVM (ABU), MPVM (U.I), PhD (UDUS)


Veterinary Public Health and Animal Production

Dr. A.A. Magaji  DVM (ABU), MVPH (U.I), Ph.D (UDUS)


Veterinary Medicine, Surgery & Theriogenology

Dr. Y.A. Adamu DVM (UniMaid), MPH, PhD (UDUS)




Faculty Courses

Schedule of First Year (100 level) Courses

Course Code

Course Title

Credit Unit

BIO 101
CHM 101
PHY 101
MAT 101
GST 101
GST 102
BIO 102
CHM 102
PHY 102
MAT 102
PHT 107
GST 103
GST 105

100 Level:

General Biology 1
General Chemistry I
General Physics I
Elementary Mathematics
Use of English
Philosophy and Logic
General Biology II
General Chemistry II
General Physics
Elementary Mathematics
General Physics Laboratory
Nigerian Peoples and Culture
History & Philosophy of Science




General Faculty Courses

Course Code

Course title Units
VSC 1201 History of Veterinary medicine 1(1 + 0)
VSC 2102 Animal Hygiene 1(1 + 0)
VSC 2203 Animal breeds, Handling & Restraint 2(1 + 1)
VSC 5204 Clinics I 5(2 + 3)
VSC 5205 Clinics IConference I 2(2 + 0)
VSC 6107 Clinics II 10(0 + 10)
VSC 6108 Clinical Conference II 2(2 + 0)
VSC 6209 Clinics III 10(0 + 10)
VSC 6210 Clinical Conference III 2(2 + 0)
VSC 6211 Research Project 4(0 + 4)
VSC 2212 Field Attachment I 6 Weeks
VSC 3213 Field Attachment II 6 Weeks
VSC 4214 Field Attachment III 6 Weeks
VSC 5215 Field Attachment IV 6 Weeks
  Total 40 Units

Total Units for Graduation (D.E) 226 Units
Faculty Courses 210 Units
GST Courses 16 Units
Total Units for Graduation (U.M.E) 258 Units
Faculty Courses: 211 Units
Faculty of Science Courses: 31 Units
GST Courses: 16 Units


Synopsis of Courses by Class

VSC 2102 1(15 + 1) VSC 2203 2(25 + 45)
VAN 2101 3(30 + 45) VSC 2204 1(6 Weeks)
VAN 2107 2(15 + 45) VAN 2202